The origins of pressco wine is an Italian white wine that can be sparkling or still depending on the process used to make it. The name comes from an Italian village called Prosecco where the grape used in making it originated. The name of this grape is Glera. Other grapes included in the processing of this wine include Bianchetta Trevigiana, Verdiso, Chardonnay, Perera, Pinot Grigio , Pinot Nero, and Pinot Bianco among others. However, these other varieties only make up less than 15% of the wine. Currently, the world produces about 150 million tons of this wine annually with 60% of it coming from Italy with other countries such as Romania, Brazil, Australia, and Argentina contributing the rest.
The process of making wine
Vineyard farmers grow Glera grapes in an area in Italy known as Veneto. More specifically, they do so in hill towns known as Valdobbiadene and Conegliano. The Charmat-Martinotti production process is the one used to make this wine. After removing the grapes from the vineyard and then pressing them, the company mixes the wine in pressure tanks made of stainless steel. These tanks contain sugar and year. The sugar changes into carbon dioxide and alcohol. The tanks have a mechanism that filters the yeast from the resulting product. After that, the company bottles the wine. It is important to note that Prosecco is cheaper than Champagne because the second fermentation process takes place in the stainless steel tanks. In the ancestral method of sparkling wine production, the first fermentation process is not complete by the time the company bottles the wine.
Differences in champagne and pressco wine
The difference between champagne and pressco wine is that pressco becomes stale with time because it does not ferment when it is in the bottle, unlike champagne. Therefore, drinking it when it is still fresh from the processing plant is advisable. However, you can drink high-quality wine of this type even when it is seven years old. Many people drink it before or after a meal. It has a low alcohol content compared to other white wines i.e. about 11 to 12%. Its main competitor is Champagne wine.